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Hall Company Inc. is locally owned and has operated in Central Florida since 1983. During this time, we have created both a highly successful asphalt division and site development division. Our expertly trained teams have acquired an extensive range of expertise, professionalism, and an impressive edge in both areas



Knowing how to maintain and care for your asphalt can ensure durability, longevity, and quality. Look at these tips for basic solutions to common asphalt problems. Without regular asphalt maintenance, water, sun, and traffic cause asphalt to erode. Although a solid foundation, quality asphalt mix, and professional installation can increase the lifespan of your pavement, it still needs regular attention and care.


What causes asphalt to erode?

  • Water

  • Sun drying, or oxidation

  • Heavy traffic






  • Adjusts local issues

  • When surface has weakened (i.e. potholes), patching is typically sufficient. To get the best results for road smoothness or drainage, we recommend surface milling.

  • When the base (foundation) has weakened, stress cracks often show up. To ensure best results, the pavement should be taken away, the foundation looked at for thorough soundness, and then the surface replaced completely.



  • Helps with water penetration and sun drying (oxidation)

  • Clinches the pavement to disable water penetration from foundation

  • Due to seasonal change, asphalt enlarges and shrinks and thermal cracking can happen

  • Cracksealing is a sealant that goes on after corners and edges are routed for optimum hold



  • Asphalt emulsion sealcoats are a cost-effective way to preserve and darken the surface of your pavement providing a cleaner, newer look. Yet, emulsion sealcoats are less durable and require more frequent applications.

  • The chipsealing is best for industrial properties and roadway pavements. This process uses a layer of asphalt emulsion, emulsion covered by aggregates to form a new surface. Additionally, for commercial properties, an asphalt emulsion sealcoat can be used over the top of the chipseal.



  • Helps fight against oxidation and water penetration with a strengthened, durable, smooth surface

  • Includes a new layer of asphalt, typically 1.5 to 2.5 inches thick over the existing road or parking lot

  • Goes beyond sealcoating, with additional strength, curb appeal, drainage, and smoothness

  • It is best to repair existing damaged areas prior to overlays because old damages will resurface even with the new overlay.


Identifying Pavement Distresses Assists in Selecting the Correct Maintenance Options


Throughout the service life of a pavement, new distresses will continually be formed by traffic overloading and the natural enemies of asphalt (sun, air, temperature, and water). Therefore, all pavements require periodic maintenance to extend their useful life and maximize the investment. This guideline provides general information about why and how pavements deteriorate. Understanding the basics of pavement distresses is beneficial for creating a proper pavement maintenance plan, which can save money and protect your investment.



General cracking can occur as a single crack or as a series of cracks in seemingly random locations. These cracks can occur for a number of reasons, including: cold temperatures, settlement of the aggregate base or subgrade material, frost heave, or reflection of previously overlaid cracks. Cracked pavement allows water to flow through the asphalt to the aggregate base and subgrade deteriorating the asphalt and weakening the subgrade.


Maintenance Option: Crack sealing will prevent water from reaching the aggregate base.



Block cracking is the interconnection of several cracks that develop as the pavement ages. Block cracking is identified by the signature square-like pattern formed on the pavement from the cracks.


Maintenance Option: Crack sealing and/or sealcoating the pavement can help protect the pavement, but a mill and overlay is a good rehabilitation option before the pavement deteriorates further.



Fatigue cracking is a series of interconnected cracks typically described as resembling alligator skin. It is a structural distress, caused by overloading thin pavements or a weak aggregate base or subgrade. This distress can occur in small localized areas or can be widespread.


Maintenance Option: Full-depth patching is recommended in areas with localized fatigue

cracking, however, reconstruction is required if the fatigue cracking is a widespread problem.



Deformations and depressions are vertical movements of the asphalt pavement caused by overloading or settlement of a weak subgrade. These depressions provide areas for water to pool, which causes the pavement to deteriorate more quickly, leading to the development of potholes.


Maintenance Option: Mill patching can be used to repair these deformations and depressions in parking lots.



Raveling is the progressive loss of asphalt material from the pavement surface. This typically occurs slowly over a large area, or it can occur quickly in smaller areas forming potholes. Raveling can be identified when exposed rocks can be seen on the pavement surface.


Maintenance Option: Rejuvenating sealcoats, emulsion sealcoats, or chipseals can be applied to the pavement surface to protect it from further oxidation and raveling.



Potholes are the localized loss of pavement material typically caused by structural failures, poor drainage, or severe raveling. Potholes are a safety hazard and should be filled quickly.


Maintenance Option: Full-depth patching is recommended for all potholes, but fill-in patching can be used for a quick, temporary fix.


4 Key Asphalt
Pavement Distress
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